Gone are the days when surgery meant a major operation with big cuts and stitches and long hospital stay with prolonged rest and recovery time. With the advent of ‘Keyhole’ or ‘buttonhole’ surgery (Laparoscopy) many of the surgeries for women which required major cuts on the stomach are now done with 2-3 cuts of ½ to 1 cm each.
Fibroids are usually non cancerous solid tumours in the womb (uterus). These can cause heavy irregular menses, pain, pressure and heaviness of the lower abdomen in many cases. These tumours are very common and are seen even in young women. These fibroids unfortunately cannot be treated with medicines but have to be removed surgically if they are causing problems. Laparoscopic surgery can remove even large fibroids with minimal cuts on the stomach wall.
The entire surgery is done by watching the procedure on a television screen and operating with a camera in the abdomen. The large fibroids are made into small pieces by means of a special machine called the morcellator and so can be removed through a small opening.
Patients who are older and have fibroids or problem of heavy bleeding during periods or some other reason to remove the womb can also be treated by laparoscopic surgery. The womb (uterus) can be removed by this procedure. The patient’s hospitalization is less and recovery is very fast. Prolonged rest and absence from work is not needed. Ovarian cysts are common and can occur in any age group. They may be simple cysts, endometriosis or dermoid cysts where water, blood or thick pus like material can fill in the ovary. These cysts are best treated by laparoscopic surgery. Endometriosis is a major problem in young women where dark, thick blood accumulates in the ovary or around the womb and causes pain and often inability to conceive. It damages the tubes and ovaries and can cause the intestines to stick together. This problem can also be treated by keyhole surgery.
Infertility (inability to become pregnant) is on the rise and often one of the necessary investigations is to put a camera through the belly button into the pelvis and check to see if the tubes are open and if the uterus and ovaries are normal. If any problem is detected it can be treated at the same time. Keyhole surgery is here to stay. More and more operations are now being done by this method though there is still a role for traditional open surgery in certain cases.
Laparoscopic surgery can remove even large fibroids (Myomectomy)
Patients who are older and have fibroids or problem of heavy bleeding during periods or some other reason to remove the womb (Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy)
Ovarian cysts are common and can occur in any age group. These cysts are best treated by laparoscopic surgery (Ovarian cystectomy)
Infertility (inability to become pregnant) is on the rise and often one of the necessary investigations is VHL (Diagnostic Hysterolaparoscopy)
Sterilization procedures—(tubal ligation ) getting your tubes tied, can easily be done as laparoscopic procedure .
Treating ectopic pregnancies--pregnancy in the fallopian tube have become very safe and easy with the help of key hole surgery.
Surgeries for uterovaginal prolapse